A doctor will suspect stomach cancer and refer the patient to a gastroenterologist who is an expert in digestive issues. The doctor will ask the patient about any symptoms and their family history.
A thorough physical exam of the patient may be performed. This may include feeling the abdomen for swellings or abnormalities. Blood tests may also be ordered. If you want to know more about the Antacid Cancer Lawsuits then you can browse the web.
These tests may include:
1. Endoscopy – This is where a thin, lighted tube (endoscope), is inserted into the mouth after the throat has been anesthetized with anesthetic spray. The endoscope can detect early gastric cancer as well as benign (non-cancerous) and malignant(cancerous) gastric ulcers. An endoscope has a tool that can take tissue from the stomach to be analyzed.
2. X-ray – An X-ray can show whether the cancerous cells are contained to the mucosa (topmost layer of cells in the stomach) and submucosa, which is the thin layer of muscle below the lamina propria (layer of connective tissues) in the stomach. This can be done using electromagnetic radiation to detect early stages of stomach cancer. Many types of cancers can be diagnosed using X-rays.
3. Computed Tomography – This is a widely-used high-resolution, three-dimensional imaging scanner. It uses X-rays and creates cross-sectional images inside a patient's stomach. These images show whether or not the gastric wall has been infected by cancerous cells. A CT scan can also be used to determine if the cancer has spread through the blood vessels.