If you have ever thought about building a saltwater aquarium, you have probably heard the word "protein skimmer." But what are protein skimmers? This is basically a type filter. This removes organic compounds before they can decompose and further worsens water quality or algae growth.
But instead of using filter pads or something similar, they used something known as foam fractionation. In general, the waste molecules that the protein skimmer removes are bipolar, meaning they have an unbalanced charge. You can also buy bubble magus protein skimmer via https://www.marinedepot.com/protein-skimmers/bubble-magus
In an aquarium context, this will attract one end of the molecule to the water, while the other end will be attracted to the air. And where these two meet, like on the surface, the molecules are happiest.
The air-loving part sticks out while the other end stays in the water and the molecules float up like tiny icebergs. How can we use these molecular properties to our advantage? Air bubble.
Lots of bubbles. Bubbles are basically a series of air/water boundaries where these molecules can settle. And when the bubbles rise to the surface, they pull the molecules with them, where they build up and form a dense foam that can be easily removed. And here it is – protein skimmer!
What do skimmers do well? Basically, the purpose of a good skimmer is to create as many tiny bubbles as possible to allow the water in the tank to react.
There are only so many ways to make balloons, but different designs have emerged over the years, each with a slightly different function.
When choosing a new skimmer, knowing the terminology, and what the differences are, it is important to guard against the possibilities.