A cyber-security consultant usually has a background in either computer security or information security standards. The kind of expertise required is highly specialized and currently not particularly widespread.
The services provided by cybersecurity consultants from a website like cloudcoco.co.uk can make a real difference to an organization’s overall security posture and may prevent or at least mitigate future incursions by hackers or real-world fraudsters.
Cybersecurity is just one part of the wider field of information security, which also covers physical assets and threats, and people-related factors.
However, in the current context of growing threats to critical national infrastructure (such as power plants) from certain countries, it is the “cyber” part of the term that is taking an increasingly high profile. It is true that most organizations will not be at risk from incursions by state-sponsored agents.
However, they may still be the target of an opportunistic amateur hacker, and it is here that cyber-security consultants can play a part.
The consultant may audit the organization’s existing level of IT security, pointing out areas where there are high-risk vulnerabilities (for example, web pages where a username and password are transmitted unencrypted). Many vulnerabilities stem from the old software that has not been updated to the latest patch level. In this case, simply updating the software will resolve the situation.
In other cases, while the software may be completely current with the latest security patches, there may be a need to reconfigure it to change the settings. The vulnerability scans and penetration tests carried out by cyber-security consultants will unearth these situations and more, enabling the organization to fix the vulnerabilities before they are discovered by hackers.