Scoliosis refers to a condition in which the curvature of a person's spine is not only normal but also lateral. This side curve cannot be corrected by standing. Scoliosis can cause a patient's bones to shift from their normal position, making the waist or shoulders appear uneven.
Scoliosis usually develops in the chest or upper back. Patients with scoliosis have an indentation that resembles a C or S shape.
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Many types of scoliosis can develop at different stages of life. Congenital scoliosis, which is rare with scoliosis, usually occurs in early childhood. Neuromuscular scoliosis is a condition that results from lateral curvature of the spine due to weakness in the spinal muscles.
Joint degeneration in the back leads to degenerative scoliosis later in life. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form of scoliosis. It mainly affects young people and gets worse with age.
If the curvature is less than 40 degrees, it may be due to genetic or developmental factors. After diagnosis, non-surgical treatments should be instituted, such as spinal exercises that strengthen the back muscles.
Spinal mobilization aims to balance the spine and relieve nerve roots through various exercises. Back pain can often be caused by this. The nerve roots can become compressed, causing weakness, numbness, or pain in the spine.